The History of The First Computer - Streamline to Digital Advertising
ENIAC - 1946 to 1955
ENIAC is acknowledged as the first successful high-speed electronic digital computer (EDC) and was used from the years 1946 through 1955. This machine was developed by John W. Matchless and J. Prosper Eckert at The University of Pennsylvania.
-ENIAC stands for Electrical Numerical Integrator and Calculator.
The First Commercial Computer
The UNIVAC 1 (Universal Automatic Computer) was delivered to the Census Bureau in the year of 1951. This device weighed much more than what we know of computers today. Weighing in at around 16,000 pounds, using 5,000 vacuum tubes, and performed around 1,000 calculations per second. The UNIVAC 1 became the first computer available for business use. The first few sales were to government agencies, the A.C. Nielsen Company, and the Prudential Insurance Company.
The first UNIVAC was installed at ‘The General Electric Appliance Division’ in order to perform duties managing payroll in 1954. And by 1957 Remington-Rand whom had purchased the ‘Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation in the year 1950.
Our Government And The Internet - 1960’s
The internet actually began in the 1960’s, primarily being used by Government Researchers to store and share information. Back in the 1960’s, as you could imagine, computers were large and virtually impossible to relocate. If information was needed from a computer, you either had to travel to that exact computer system, or, they soon began to send magnetic tapes through the US Postal Service.
The Cold War, Soviet Union, and Sputnik Satellite - The birth of ARPANET.
The U.S. Defence Department began to consider ways that information could be disseminated, even after a nuclear attack. This thought was sparked by The Soviet Unions launch of their famous, Sputnik Satellite. With these events, sparked the idea of ARPANET. ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Porjects Agency Network, which is ultimately the birth mother of what we know today as ‘The Internet’.
ARPANET - Great Success with Limited Availability
While ARPANET became a smashing success, it was only available to a select few academic and research organizations. Those select academic and research organizations were required to have a contract with The U.S. Defence Department.
The Public Birth of The Internet - January 1, 1983
The internet was officially born on January 1, 1983, by implementing a new protocol called TCP/IP. TCP/IP protocol stands for ‘Transfer Control Protocol/Internetwork Protocol. With this, now all networks could be connected by a universal language.